Dhaka Fall or Bangladesh: a black day in Pakistan history

LAHORE: Dismemberment of East Pakistan or Dhaka Fall is memorized every year on December 16, highlighting pitfalls, treacherous conspiracies on regional and international fronts and mass mismanagement by civilian and army authorities.

Day is spotted as a ‘black day’ in the history of Pakistan. Field Marshall Ayub Khan who rose as first martial law administrator of Pakistan imposed ‘economic policies’ and they are blamed for fanning Bengali resentment, sowing the seed of separation of East Pakistan.

It is also said that both the political rulers and the military dictator Field Marshal Ayub Khan neglected the broader national interests in East Pakistan case and tried to get power for the western wing of the country at the cost of the more populous of the two wings.

Results of elections which held in 1970 explicitly spotlighted political polarization that also played important role for Dhaka fall.

The fragile link between the Eastern and Western wing of the ideological state could no longer be prolonged by ‘religious forces’. This split received the heed of rival India, which pumped up hatred in East-Pakistan.

The last nail was driven by India as it sedulously started working to convert hatred sentiments into the demand for separation. The Agartala conspiracy, Mukti Bahani and Indira Gandhi’s “opportunity of the century” in terms to the disturbed situation in the then East Pakistan are hard facts.

Indira Gandhi, being a wicked politician viewed the hostile Bengalis as an opportunity to take revenge the Muslims. Indian incitement combined with economic inequality and political divergences, pushed Bengalis to drift away with their own country (now known as Bangladesh). Apart from these reasons that gave birth to Bangladesh, the foreign policy also played an instrumental role during the events of 1971.

With the international public opinion turned against Pakistan, Indira played well on the ‘diplomatic chess board’. As first strategic maneuvering, it commenced talking with Moscow to minimize the chances of Chinese intervention. Islamabad could not realize that its role as a mediator between Washington and Beijing had irritated Moscow in the wake of strained Sino-Soviet terms.

Indo-USSR friendship treaty was inked in July 1971. Meanwhile, thousands of Bengal refugees began infiltrating in India and this point was exploited by Indian government on International stage. To lessen India’s burden, the US granted $350 million in aid. The pressure descended on Pakistan head of state Yahya Khan. He informed Washington in October that he was eager to give full autonomy to East Pakistan. Indira knew that it was close to victory on the diplomatic front and finally Black day came tearing apart East Pakistan (now Bagladesh) from West Pakistan (Now Pakistan).

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